Structure While in the Ptolemaic Time The development of temple out of Horus goes back to the Ptolemaic months
Postado por Divinos Doces Finos, em 20/11/2023
A destroyed pylon lays in order to brand new eastern of your own current temple; inscriptional evidence is known demonstrating a creating system beneath the Brand new Empire rulers Ramesses We, Seti We and you may Ramesses II. Of all of the temples of ancient Egypt, the only on Edfu is considered the most done and best maintained whenever exposed because of the Auguste Mariette regarding the 1860s. The reason is that this new forehead ended up being completely immersed around the newest wilderness with the exception of the actual top of the pylon entrances.
The original stone are put towards the 23 August 237 BCE and you will it is merely a century after, on 10 Sep 142 BCE, that forehead try technically consecrated on presence of one’s Queen himself, Ptolemy VIII along with his wife. This building performs proceeded inside the 140 BCE towards pronaos, then your pylon as well as the related wall surface. Next consecration of one’s forehead was a student in 70 BCE, although monumental door from the cedars out-of Lebanon was only put in place during the 56 BCE.
Disuse Through the Roman Point in time The fresh forehead from Edfu decrease on disuse while the a spiritual memorial following the Theodosius I’s persecution off pagans and you will edict forbidding low-Religious praise within the Roman Kingdom in the 391 Ce. Once the elsewhere, many temple’s carved reliefs was indeed razed (inspect) of the supporters of your own Christian faith and therefore found control Egypt. The newest blackened threshold (inspect) of one’s hypostyle hall, visible now, is believed to be the consequence of arson intended to damage spiritual files that has been next sensed pagan.
Over the ages, the brand new temple turned tucked to help you a range from twelve yards (39 base) below floating wasteland sand and levels out-of river silt deposited by the the newest Nile. Regional inhabitants based residential property myself across the former forehead basis. Just the higher has reached of your own forehead pylons was in fact apparent by the 1798, in the event that temple was acknowledged by a beneficial French journey. Inside the 1860 Auguste Mariette, an effective French Egyptologist, first started the task out of freeing Edfu forehead on the sands.
Earliest Pylon The building into entrance pylons is actually come because Hong Kong gratis datingapper of the Ptolemy IX (116-107 BCE) just before he was ousted away from strength by the their brother Alexander (Ptolemy X Alexander We 107-88 BCE) and you can done into the leadership away from Ptolemy XII. The fresh new pylons is decorated from the Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos (117-51 BCE) within the 57 BCE having numbers out-of himself smiting the new opponent. All the towers sustain a beneficial cartouche out-of Ptolemy XII, but they are a little various other. A few statues from Horus given that an excellent falcon flank the newest entry entrance, and you can at the rear of the brand new pylon, toward the base of one’s walls into each side of the entrance, is views portraying this new “Feast of the Beautiful Meeting” in which Horus out-of Edfu was joined having Hathor regarding Dendera.
The rear walls (inspect) of the colonnade are wrapped in multiple rows from higher reliefs portraying the newest Pharaoh (Ptolemy IX Soter II or Ptolemy X Alexander I) holding converse with the gods otherwise with the winning goodness Horus. Similar representations is actually constant all over the temple. Into the sides of your own pylon, the new pharaoh are revealed, into Lower Egyptian top into the west front in addition to Upper Egyptian crown on the eastern front side, proceeding on the temple being spread to the drinking water out-of consecration because of the Horus and you may Thoth.
Courtroom out of Choices The enormous peristyle very first legal is actually in the middle of 32 towering articles (inspect), this is when an enthusiastic altar whould was basically. The latest columns try richly decorated with flowery and you can hand capitals, while the fantastic-hued stone walls try protected in reliefs of your own gods Horus and you may Hathor. Just to brand new left of your own entrances into Vestibule, new surviving black colored granite sculpture regarding Horus, which would keeps to begin with been element of a pair, wears the latest double crown regarding Egypt and shields the doorway on the fresh farther has reached of forehead.